Continuous assessment is the key for quality assurance at the university. The aim of assessment is to understand how educational programs along with institutional processes and resources are working and to determine whether they are contributing to student growth and development. Program assessment focuses on programs rather than on individual students. It provides information on whether the curriculum as a whole provides students with the knowledge, skills and values that graduates should possess in accordance with its mission and set goals and learning objectives. Institutional assessment is meant to take a holistic view of the institution and to assess that how effectively institutional processes and services are supporting academic activities in the university.

The new trends in accreditation criteria have brought outcome assessment to focus. Accrediting agencies such as the National Commission for Academic Accreditation and Assessment (NCAAA) in the kingdom or the Accreditation Board for Engineering and Technology (ABET), and the Association to Advance Collegiate Schools of Business (ACCSB), require programs or colleges seeking accreditation to have self-assessment. Industry push and competitive job markets have also contributed to the need for continuous program quality improvement that focus on student learning and preparation for professional practice after graduation.

The Academic Assessment Center (AAC) at KFUPM strives to achieve its mission towards developing quality education that meets local industry needs following reputable international standards. It provides the necessary services and support for the various academic programs and research units at the University. It also facilitates and coordinates their efforts to meet their objectives and institutional goals.